Madrid Talks End Without Agreement on How to Finance Climate-Related Atrocities

COP25 ended in Madrid without a clear deal on how to finance
losses and damage associated with climate change impacts as
proposed by the developing countries. Credit: Isaiah
Esipisu/IPS

By Isaiah Esipisu
MADRID, Dec 17 2019 (IPS)

Millions of people, particularly in Africa, who lose their
property, homes, and even die due to climate-related disasters will
have to wait at least another year for the international community
to agree on a means of supporting them.

This became clear when the 25th round of negotiations on climate
change came to an end in Madrid, Spain on Dec.15 without a clear
deal on how to finance losses and damage associated with climate
change impacts as
proposed by the developing countries
.

“We expected a review of the Warsaw International Mechanism
for Loss and Damage for it to have a clear means of implementation,
especially for emergency response in Africa,” Prof Seth Osafo,
the Legal adviser of the President of the African Group of
Negotiators (AGN) told IPS.

The
Warsaw International Mechanism
(WIM) for Loss and Damage
associated with Climate Change Impacts was established in 2013
during the 19th round of climate negotiations in Warsaw, Poland
under the United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
to assist developing
countries that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects
of climate change.

“The common person in Africa is suffering and this is an
urgent call for international support,” said Michael Arunga, the
Emergency Communication Specialist for World Vision’s Mali Response
office.

In Mali alone, says Arunga, 5.7 million people are in dire need
of humanitarian support, among them 21.8 million children, given
the climate crisis and political conflicts in the country.

Mali’s population mainly relies on agriculture as their main
source of livelihood. But Arunga notes that the ever-expanding
Sahara Desert, frequent droughts and floods have caused the
displacement of thousands of families, especially in the northern
parts of the West African nation.

Less than two months ago, 42 people died after they were buried
alive by landslides in Western Cameroon following heavy rainfall in
the Central African Nation.

  • In East Africa, more than 130 people in Kenya lost their lives
    in the past two months as a result of flooding and landslides due
    to unexpected heavy rains pounding the region. Experts say that the
    heavy rains are caused by the warming up of the Indian Ocean.
  • According to the United Nations Children’s Fund, 330,000
    people are in need of humanitarian support in the country, while at
    least 17,000 have been displaced in the past two months.
  • “Children’s lives have been interrupted by the ongoing
    rains and floods in Kenya, with many of them losing their homes,
    schools and access to health care,” Maniza Zaman, the UNICEF
    Kenya Representative said in a statement
    released on Dec. 4.
  • In Tizert Village, in the Taroudant region, southern Morocco,
    people are yet to forget a flash flood that swept across a soccer
    field on Aug.18, killing at least seven people who were watching a
    local match.
  • Earlier this year, Southern Africa suffered Cyclone Idai and
    Kenneth, which led to losses of property and lives. A few months
    later, some countries in the region are currently experiencing
    extreme droughts, which experts say are as a result of climate
    change.

“It is evident everywhere that millions of people have been
forced to migrate from their homes due to unfavourable climatic
conditions and related disasters, people have lost property worth
trillions of dollars, and millions more have died across Africa as
a result of climate related disasters,” said Robert Muthami, a
climate change expert from Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung based in
Kenya.

Scientists have already warned that the situation can only
worsen in the coming years, and therefore, there is need for urgent
climate action.

Ambassador Muhammed Nasr, the Chair of the African Group of
Negotiators (AGN) told journalists said progress was slow on
getting developed nations to commit to scaling up finance for
losses and damage associated with climate change impacts. Credit:
Isaiah Esipisu/IPS

According to the African negotiators, most negotiators from
developed nations were non-committal on scaling up finance. “We
have been discussing to very late hours, sometimes up to 3.00am in
the morning, but the progress was very slow,” Ambassador Muhammed
Nasr, the Chair of the African Group of Negotiators (AGN) told
journalists on Friday.

According to Ambassador Seyni Nafo, the former AGN Chair, the
team was forced to push some of the most important issues to the
next Conference of Parties (COP26), which will be held in Glasgow
in 2020.

“It is better to leave Madrid without having decisions on some
key issues [rather] than having bad decisions,” said Nafo.

The negotiators said they were avoiding what they referred to as
the ‘Kyoto Disease,’ where there is an agreement with rules and
procedures, but without any benefit to Africa.

“It is unfortunate that industrialised countries chose to
follow the unproductive path, focusing on nitty-gritty and
postponing firm commitments,” said Dr Mithika Mwenda, the
Executive Secretary for the Pan
African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA)
. “It was
disappointing that they consistently avoided or sidelined any
discussion related to providing support, notably finance,” he
told IPS.

Studies have shown that Africa emits only four percent of
greenhouse gases, which are responsible for global warming, but the
continent is the most impacted by climate change.

The post
Madrid Talks End Without Agreement on How to Finance
Climate-Related Atrocities
appeared first on Inter Press Service.

Source: FS – All – Ecology – News
Madrid Talks End Without Agreement on How to Finance Climate-Related Atrocities