Biofortified Crops Improve Farmers’ Livelihoods in Zimbabwe

By Martha Katsi
HARARE, Zimbabwe, Jan 27 2020 (IPS)

Steven Seremwe, who is 57 years old, was retrenched from his job
as an administrator at Lake Shore Missions in 2012. He decided to
focus on farming, and he started growing various crops—white
maize, sugar beans, and sweet potatoes, among others—for
consumption and sale.

“I have always loved agriculture but because of work
pressures, I was not practicing. But when I got retrenched from
work, I decided to follow my heart and started farming,” he
said.

The problem was that every farming season, even with a bumper
harvest, Seremwe`s income was falling short. Profits were never
enough to feed and care for his wife and two children. He had to do
odd jobs in the community to help make ends meet.

Seremwe lives in Zvimba District of Mashonaland West Province in
Zimbabwe. According to a National Nutrition Survey conducted in
2010, Zvimba was among 27 districts in Zimbabwe that were
identified as having a high prevalence of malnutrition.

The irony is that in Seremwe’s district, many types of crops
and vegetables are grown, but most are grown for sale rather than
for consumption.

In 2016, under the Zimbabwe Livelihoods and Food Security Programme
(LFSP), HarvestPlus introduced biofortification in Zvimba
district.

The programme, which is funded by the Government of the United
Kingdom through the
Department for International Development
(DfID), aims to reduce
poverty through increased agricultural productivity, increased
incomes, and improved food and nutrition security for smallholder
farmers.

To improve nutrition and health, the LFSP aims to increase the
production and consumption of a wide variety of nutritious foods by
target households, including biofortified crops.

Encouraged by staff from HarvestPlus and the Agricultural
Technical and Extension Services (part of the Zimbabwe Ministry of
Lands, Agriculture, Water, Climate and Rural Resettlement), Seremwe
joined in the LFSP, hoping that the new crops would help boost his
family’s income and secure better and healthy living
conditions.

After attending several biofortification trainings organized by
the project, Seremwe applied the techniques that he had learned,
such as mulching, weeding, and application of manure in his
field.

During the 2017/18 agricultural season, 3,300 farming households
in Zvimba district were supported with vitamin A orange maize and
iron bean seeds and some agricultural inputs. Seed test packs were
given to farmers. Seremwe received a two-kilogram pack containing
both iron bean and vitamin A orange maize seeds.

After cultivating these crops for the first time, Seremwe saw
their potential and was motivated to expand output. During the
2018/19 farming season, he purchased 10 kilograms (kgs) of vitamin
A orange maize seed, which yielded 1 ton of maize grain.

He kept 250 kgs of this for home consumption and sold 750 kgs to
the Grain Marketing Board to earn ZWD2076.90 (roughly USD138).
Seremwe also planted 2 kgs of iron beans and harvested about 60
kgs, of which he kept 40 kgs for home consumption.

Seremwe has also become an ambassador of biofortification—to
date, he has passed on 10 kgs of iron bean seed to other farmers to
plant. “My family loves eating vitamin A orange maize, especially
porridge, it is really tasty. The iron beans also are fast cooking.
Above all, as a family we appreciate the health benefits we are
getting from eating these biofortified crops. As you can see, we
all look very healthy!” Seremwe said.

Seremwe`s fields now yield produce that brings greater
prosperity and opportunity to his family. “Vitamin A orange maize
and iron beans are an excellent add to our crops that we grow here.
Now we have crops loved by many for sale. This contributes
significantly to improving the living conditions of my family and
education for my children,” he added.

In the current 2019/20 agricultural season, Seremwe—as a
farmer who was taught by the project on preparedness—has already
bought his farming inputs, including vitamin A orange maize seed,
iron beans, and some fertilizers. He has already done his land
preparation and is only waiting for the rains to come.

Seremwe is one of roughly 250 000 farmers who have benefitted
from the UK-funded LFSP project to end micronutrient deficiencies
in the country. The project also supports farmers with market
linkages.

Through the program’s interventions, a cumulative 259 metric
tons (MT) of vitamin A maize seed and 400 MT of iron bean seed have
been distributed in the country through a combination of direct
distribution and market-led inventions.

By 2020, it is expected that 400,000 smallholder farmers will be
growing and consuming biofortified crops in the country. Based on
the success of biofortification in the country, the government of
Zimbabwe has included biofortification in the National Agriculture
Policy Framework 2019- 2030.

One of the pillars under the framework will be driving food and
nutrition security and resilience.

*HarvestPlus is developing and promoting new, more nutritious
varieties of staple food crops with higher amounts of vitamin A,
iron or zinc—three of the micronutrients identified by the World
Health Organization as most lacking in diets globally. The process
is known as biofortification—and regular consumption of these
innovative crops is improving nutrition and public health.

The post
Biofortified Crops Improve Farmers’ Livelihoods in Zimbabwe

appeared first on Inter Press
Service
.

Excerpt:

HarvestPlus*

The post
Biofortified Crops Improve Farmers’ Livelihoods in Zimbabwe

appeared first on Inter Press
Service
.

Source: FS – All – Ecology – News
Biofortified Crops Improve Farmers’ Livelihoods in Zimbabwe