Billions of Dollars Available for Reducing and Reversing Land Degradation

When St. Vincent was hit hard by flooding and landslides in
recent years, it was blamed on climate change and deforestation.
Credit: Desmond Brown/IPS

By Desmond Brown
GEORGETOWN, Jan 30 2019 (IPS)

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
has debunked the notion that there is no funding available for
countries to prevent, reduce or reverse land degradation.

UNCCD Executive Secretary Monique Barbut says there are millions
of dollars available for Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) projects
that are based on sound scientific guidelines and human rights
principles, as set out in the Convention’s Scientific Conceptual
Framework for LDN.

The LDN concept represents a paradigm shift in land management
policies and practices by providing a framework to counterbalance
the expected loss of productive land with the recovery of degraded
areas.

To date, more than 100 countries have embarked on national
processes to set and implement voluntary LDN targets as part of
their contribution to the third target under Sustainable
Development Goal (SDG) 15 (life on land).

“We have about 125 countries which have decided to set what we
call their LDN targets. But we are difference from many other
conventions. We have decided to also follow up on the
implementation,” Barbut told IPS. She was speaking to IPS at
the 17th
Session of the Committee for the Review of Implementation
(CRIC17)
 of the UNCCD which opened in the Guyana
capital on Monday, Jan. 28

“We have said targets are not enough. We would like now for
the countries to go for what we call the transformative projects.
This is where the funding discussion comes up because those
transformative projects are usually large scale. We are not taking
about pilot projects of 200,000 dollars here and there.”

The Executive Secretary said countries can rest assured that if
they want to go into major projects, UNCCD will finance the
pre-feasibility exercise.

She explained that “major projects” are which cost a minimum
of 5 million dollars and can run into hundreds of millions of
dollars. She pointed to China and India as examples where large
scale transformative projects have been implemented.

“Nobody can say that the funding is not available. None of
those transformative projects is yet at a stage that we are going
for the funding outside,” Barbut said.

“I have been, prior to this position, the CEO of the GEF
(Global Environmental Facility) which is the largest funding
mechanism of the world; and I am going to tell you something which
might surprise you. The lack of funding is never a problem. The
problem is to get the right project. If you have a good project, I
can tell you that the funding is always available.”

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
Executive Secretary Monique Barbut says t says there are millions
of dollars available for Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN)
projects. Credit: Desmond Brown/IPS

Barbut said UNCCD wants to help countries identify and build
projects, as well as help them go for the funding at a later stage
“to all those big international multilateral and bilateral
institutions.”

“To give you an example, we are working with Burkina Faso in
Africa. They have decided to transform 3,000 of the 5,000 villages
that they have into what we call eco-villages. By doing that, they
will restore two million hectares of degraded land and they will
give jobs to almost one million people,” she said.

“This project is going to be between 150 million to 300
million dollars and I have no doubt that we will raise funds
because it’s going to be done in a way that donors will
accept.”

“Many developing countries say there is no funding, I am
saying no. The project that you are presenting are not right or
rightly presented to attract the donors. Our job is to help you to
make them attractive enough,” Barbut added.

She cited the Gambia as another example where the necessary
political will was demonstrated when the entire government,
including the president, decided to go for a very large-scale
project and put their full GEF allocation into it.

“It means, already, we have about 12 million dollars secured.
Just by doing that, showing the world that they were willing to put
their full allocation into that, we have already got IFAD, a big
global multi-lateral financial institution which has said, we’re
ready to add 45 million dollars,” Barbut explained.

“So, without even yet having the project being designed, we
know that we have about 55 million dollars for that project that we
are going to set up in the Gambia.”

Meanwhile, Dr. Richard Byron-Cox, action programme alignment and
capacity building officer at UNCCD, also said that funding is
available, but he said Caribbean countries have several
problems.

The first of these problems, he said, is that in the Caribbean,
most people are not trained to deal with the ramifications of
applying for these funds.

“Sorry to say this, but some of these funds they have such a
bureaucratic procedure and our people are not trained as to how you
prepare projects and how you beat that bureaucracy,” he told
IPS.

“The second problem is that we are not interested. We really
don’t go out and look for it. In other words, it is there for the
taking but we are not aggressive towards it.”

Additionally, the Guyanese national said that until recently,
Caribbean countries always thought that their problem was only
climate change and so their only focus was on climate change and
getting money for it.

But Byron-Cox said there was yet another problem which Caribbean
countries faced.

“A lot of those who give us money never really want to give us
money for land. They would prefer to give you some money to build a
hospital because when you build a hospital, everything comes from
the donor abroad – the windows, the doors, the toilet and the
engineers who build it. So, they give you 10 million dollars and
the 10 million dollars goes back to them,” he explained.

“Outside of that, whenever anything breaks in the hospital or
if you need new machinery you have to go back to them again. So, at
the end of the day they gave you 10 million dollars but they end up
getting 20 million dollars.”

Byron-Cox said because Caribbean countries know that donors are
not usually willing to give money for land, they do not bother to
ask.

He said the time has come for governments in the Caribbean to
appoint an environmental overseer who covers the entirety of the
environment in each country.

“One of the roles of this environmental czar would be to find
the necessary resources. If we had a regional approach where the
expertise is shared it might be easier to tackle this question,”
Byron-Cox said.

“I have no doubt that the funding can be found. It is there
and if we go searching for it, we can get it. It is there, we have
to go out there and aggressively look for it.”

The post
Billions of Dollars Available for Reducing and Reversing Land
Degradation
appeared first on Inter Press Service.

Source: FS – All – Ecology – News
Billions of Dollars Available for Reducing and Reversing Land Degradation